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Proteins diagnostic of lung cancer up to 5 years before disease onset

Jun 28, 2021 9:30:00 AM / by Olink posted in Immunotherapy, Oncology

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The immune system in the context of chemo and radiation therapy

Jun 21, 2021 9:48:10 AM / by Olink posted in Immunotherapy, Oncology

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The last two blog posts described how protein biomarker research is helping scientists better understand why some patients respond better to immunotherapy than others. Immunotherapy is not the only cancer treatment with a less than stellar success rate, however, as radiation and chemotherapy also elicit a varied response in patients undergoing treatment. For example, only about 25-35 % of stage three lung cancer patients will respond favorably to this expensive treatment, let alone cope with its adverse side effects. Despite these issues, this treatment remains the optimal choice for most patients. The effects of radiation and chemotherapy on the immune system have thus far lacked extensive research, especially with regards to how this connects to patient survival. This is what Dr Dirk De Ruysscher and his colleagues wanted to explore further.

 

They ran a pilot study where they used a multiomics approach to investigate the immune response to radiation and chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.

 

The pilot study included 45 patients divided into two treatment groups. The first group of patients had stage I NSCLC and received stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), a type of radiation that delivers very precise, intense doses of radiation to cancer cells while avoiding healthy tissue. The second group of patients had stage III NSCLC and were eligible for radiotherapy as well as chemotherapy. Blood was collected at the beginning of therapy, 48 hours (group 1) or 1 week (group 2) into therapy, and at the end of therapy. Dr De Ruysscher used 11 Olink panels analyzing 1000 proteins in plasma samples to investigate treatment effects in these two stages of NSCLC, and whether these effects influence patient survival.

 

Most interesting were the immune system changes in group 1, which were quite potent and widespread despite the targeted nature of SBRT. The most prominent change in protein expression occurred in proteins associated with NK- and T-cell function, indicative of altered systemic immune responses. This finding was reflected in assays measuring the functional consequences of these proteins on immune cells, which revealed varying levels of general inflammation. There was no correlation between protein expression differences and survival outcome in this group, and this may be because the prognosis in stage I cancer patients is already positive.

 

There was, however, a difference in protein expression profiles between patients with a longer progression-free survival time (634 days) and those with shorter progression-free survival (324 days) in patients with stage III NSCLC (group 2). When focusing on specific proteins at the root of this difference, Dr De Ruysscher found that IL-17A was especially connected to survival, with low levels of the protein being associated with increased survival in stage 1 patients. There was also a difference in protein expression profiles between stage 1 and stage 3 patients overall.

 

While only preliminary, these results are promising enough to conduct a larger, future study, which is currently underway. Watch Dr De Ruysscher’s talk below to learn more about how he and his team are helping us accelerate the research in this field using proteomics!

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Older age linked to immunotherapy treatment success

Jun 14, 2021 9:30:00 AM / by Olink posted in Immunotherapy, Oncology

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Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy has greatly improved the survival of metastatic melanoma patients, with less severe side effects compared to more conventional forms of cancer treatment. While there are many molecules under investigation for new forms of ICB therapy, the most common targets of treatment are the ligands PD-L1 and CTLA4. By blocking their receptors, ICB treatment reactivates the anti-tumor T-cell response.

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Study identifies key proteins involved in immunotherapy response

Jun 7, 2021 9:30:00 AM / by Olink posted in Immunotherapy, Oncology

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'Ultimately, it is all about understanding and treating patients better in the future.'

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Curious about becoming an Olink core lab partner? Watch this!

May 31, 2021 9:30:00 AM / by Olink posted in Insider

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National University of Singapore becomes our newest core lab partner

May 24, 2021 9:30:00 AM / by Olink posted in Insider

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The National University of Singapore (NUS) Protein Biomarker Discovery Core Facility is one of the newest additions to the Olink core lab family. Established this year, the NUS Protein Biomarker Discovery Core Facility will offer full service of all Olink Target and Focus products, as well as Olink Explore. The core lab will focus on serving customers in Singapore and the Asia-Pacific region, where the demand for protein biomarker research has shot up in recent years. Lai Lai Yap, a senior laboratory manager in the NUS, describes their experience in becoming a certified core facility.

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Interview with our first European Olink Explore Core lab partner

May 17, 2021 9:30:00 AM / by Olink posted in Insider

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How to become a successful Olink Explore core lab partner

May 10, 2021 9:30:00 AM / by Olink posted in Insider

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What makes for a successful Olink explore core lab partner? What type of training is involved, and how do the FAS team support and help core labs not just as they begin their core lab journey, but throughout their time as an Olink core lab partner? The following interview with Philippa Pettingill of the FAS team aims to answer such questions and more.

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Introducing the Olink core lab partner series

May 3, 2021 9:30:00 AM / by Olink posted in Insider

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Olink’s core mission is ‘accelerating proteomics together’ with the scientific community. From the start, Olink has helped and supported countless researchers to carry out and advance their proteomics research using our PEA-based products and our team’s expertise.

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Olink protein biomarker panel indicates fermented foods fight inflammation

Mar 29, 2021 9:30:00 AM / by Olink posted in Inflammatory diseases, Nutritional science, Proteomics

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